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Different types of photography lenses

There are many types of lenses. Lenses are categorized with the criteria various focal lengths, super-wide to super-long ranges, multiple variations in single focal length.

The various lenses are wide angle lens, normal lens, telephoto lens, prime lens, macro lens and zoom lens.

Wide Angle Lenses

The wide angle lens is classified into 3 categories. The classification is as follows: wide, ultra-wide, fisheye.

  • Ultra wide lens
    • It has a range of focal length less than 24mm.
    • It is built with internal lenses to avoid fisheye distortion.
    • Because of its structure, it provides an aspherical image.
  • Fisheye
    • Its focal length ranges from 8 to 24mm.180-degree image can be captured with this lens.
    • It bends through a straight line, thus produces a circular image.
    • Panorama shots, real estate, landscape, cityscape – these types of scenarios can be captured in this lens.
  • Wide Angle
    • It has a focal length which ranges between 24 to 35mm.
    • Interiors, landscapes, forest photography are well suited for wide angle lens.

Normal Lenses

  • These lenses provide a similar proportion to the human eye.
  • The range of focal length is about 35-50 mm.
  • Normal lenses will be well suited for travel street photography.

Telephoto Lenses

  • Anything exceeding 50mm focal length is the telephoto lens.
  • Term telephoto describes the meaning whose focal length is beyond 100 mm.
  • It is often referred to as “portrait lenses”. It isolated the capturing object from other surroundings, thus highlights the captured image alone.

Prime Lenses

  • It has various focal length ranges like 35mm, 50mm, 85mm,135mm.
  • These type of lenses can be used for purposes like portrait, wedding, street photography.
  • The primary thing it has no zoom, no mechanical moving parts inside it.
  • These lenses have larger apertures.
  • Because of its design, it produces crisp and clear images.

Macro Lenses

  • It has focal length ranges from 50-200mm.
  • 1 or 2 lenses in the macro lens camera will give the entire range of image, thus provides more functionality which a big camera posses in this small camera.
  • One of the disadvantage is that, it won’t deliver much perfection, anyhow, modern technology enhances its perfection.

Zoom Lenses

  • 55-200 mm focal length range is for zoom lenses for focussing object precisely which is far.
  • Portrait, wedding, wildlife photography, these types of scenarios will be well suited for zoom lenses.

The two phenomena provide a better quality of the image and it describes the choice of the type of camera required for the environment or scenario.

They are Focal length and Aperture. Lets put it in a simple way to demonstrate what they are.

Focal Length:

The focal length is the distance from the centre of the lens to the imaging point (focal plane) where the light of the image is captured. When a lens is described as a 35mm lens, it is referring to its focal length.

Different focal lengths create different levels of magnification and change the viewing angle of the resulting photograph. As the focal length value decreases, the lens becomes a wide-angle lens, and as the value increases, it becomes a telephoto lens.


It refers to the light which allows inside the lens, The size of opening directly affects the depth of the captured image from the foreground to the background. The large aperture (Small number) will have less focus, which isolates the image (selective focus).

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